Indoor kennels are so easily abused, that I will not recommend them as a matter of course.
They can be a useful tool if used compassionately by knowledgeable owners, but in the hands of the uncaring, uneducated or the absent-minded, they can become a frightening prison for a dog.
Dogs have been designed by nature and bred by man to enjoy
Their behaviour when they finally get free can be appalling, as they try to use up their energy, that they are quickly returned to the crate in an effort to regain control.
If you have to use an indoor kennel,
the absolute maximum for an adult dog should be 2 hours
and this should only happen after a gradual and careful introduction.
When raising a puppy, it is much better to use a puppy
Housetraining is not difficult if you know how (see
The Perfect Puppy chapter 7).
Unfortunately, there will always be people who abuse
On further investigation, the real reason is found to be that the dog spends nearly 22 out of 24 hours every day locked in a cage.
Others have come in with bandaged front paws, where their frantic attempts to escape have lead to paw and mouth injuries.
In these cases, cages have often been recommended by ‘experts’ in an attempt to cure separation problems when the dog is left alone.
I find it interesting that we have sanitised the terminology we use by calling them ‘indoor kennels’ rather than wire cages which seems to make it more acceptable for people to use, and abuse, them.
If your dog has behaviour problems, get expert advice to help you understand the world from your dog’s point of view.
Professional advice from a member of the The Association of Pet Behaviour Counsellors can help you solve the problem in a kind, effective and humane way, rather than trying to contain it by crating the dog.
In the modern world where there are enough restrictions on dog’s freedom as it is, close confinement of this kind just to make our lives easier is, in my opinion, neither kind nor justifiable.